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Motocikl koji je spasio Rusiju
Priča o Uralu počinje 1939. godine tijekom početka priprema USSR-a za II. svjetski rat. Sovjetski savez je znao da ću uskoro započeti rat protiv Adolfa Hitlera i njegovog Trećeg Raja. Joseph Staljin je naredio svojoj vojsci da bude u stanju visoke pripremljenosti na svim poljima i sa svim postrojbama, ponajviše uključujuću sovjetske zemljane snage za obranu od njemačkih Panzer divizija. Rusi su uvidjeli nedostatke poljske armije tijekom njemačkog napada na Poljsku u operaciji Blitzkreig, a to je bila loša i neučinkovita mobilnost kopnene vojske.
U tajnom sastanku koji je održan sa visokim časnicima u USSR ministarstvu obrane u Moskvi razgovaralo se o motociklu koji bi bio najpogodniji za rusku Crvenu armiju. Crvena armija je željela modernizirati svoje postrojbe jer motocikli koje su imali bili su stari, nemoćni, tehnologija kojom su bili napravljeni već je odavno bila zastarjela, a održavanja teška i skupa.
Povijest dalje kaže (iako svaka priča ima puno verzija, tako i ova ima jednu svoju, nadam se da je ovo točna verzija!) da su Rusi nakon duge i teške debate odlučili da će BMW R71 biti motocikl koji će zamijeniti sve do sada stare i neupotrebljive motocikle i da će R71 zadovoljiti sve potrebe Crvene armije.


5 motocikala BMW R71 je nabavljeno u tada neutralnoj Švedskoj i prokrijumčareno u Rusiju. Sovjetski inženjeri u Moskvi su do zadnjeg šerafa rastavili tih 5 motocikala, te napravili vjernu kopiju novog motocikla. Početkom 1941. godine motocikl je zgotovljen i prikazan Staljinu koji je odmah odobrio da motocikl može ići u serijsku proizvodnju. Motocikl je ima kodno ime M-72. Slučajno ili ne, u isto to doba i Harley-Davidson je kopirao isti motocikl za američku vojsku i isporučio oko 1000 Harley-Davidson XA (Experimental Army) tijekom II. svjetskog rata.

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Tijekom II. svjetskog rata njemačka vojska nije odmah napadala Rusiju, nego je sklopljen ''Molotov von Ribbentrop'' pakt o suradnji između Rusije i Njemačke. Iako mi baš povijest nije bolja strana, a i pakt u ratu o dvije zemlje koje se planiraju napadati još manje jasan, al eto, dokumenti na internetu to potvrđuju, pa idemo dalje. Pakt je značio poslovnu suradnju između dviju zemalja na području tehnologije. Tako da su prijemice sovjetski inženjeri pohodili njemačke tvornice zrakoplova i tamo pokupili znanje o gradnju zrakoplova i naoružanja zrakoplova. Za uzvrat Njemačka je dala Rusiji znanje i tehnologiju kojom su izrađivali Opel Kadet i tako je nastao Moskvitch 400. BMW je počeo proizvoditi seriju motora R75, nasljednika R71 a tehnologiju izrade R71 su dali Rusima. I tako su Rusi uz malo svoga znanja što su imali sa ukradenim motorima sa početka ove teme sada dobili kompletno znanje, podršku i tehničku dokumentaciju od BMW-a za ''svoj'' motocikl. M-72 bio je prikoličar, imao je motor od 750 ccm i oko 20-tak konja.


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Početkom 1942. godine tvornica u Moskvi je proizvodila na stotine M-72. Kako su se tada već jako pogoršali odnosi između Sovjeta i Njemaca bilo je jasno da mira neće biti, jer su Njemci pregazili gotovo cijelu Europu i počeli su kršiti primirje sa Sovjetski savezom. U Moski su se tada zabrinuli da su njihove tvornice nadohvat njemačkih bombardera i odučili su veliki dio svojih tvornica prebaciti dalje od dometa njemačkih bombardera. Najprikladnije mjesto je bilo daleko na istoku u regiji oko planine Ural. Tako su i tamo prebacili tvornicu motocikala. Smjestili su je u mali ruski grad IRBIT, na granici između planinskog lanca Ural i velikih sibirskih stepa. Irbit je bio mali trgovački grad koji je prije revolucije 1917. bio značajno trgovačko središte Rusije, no zbog velike udaljenosti od Moskve sa vremenom je bio zapušten i raseljen. Jedina industrija u tom gradu koja je opstala bila je pivovara. Ubrzo je grad pretvoren u istaživačko i razvojno središte za M-72. Otuda i ime motocikla URAL,a proizvodio se u tvornici imena IMZ
25. 10. 1941. godine M-72 poslan je na bojište. Tijekom II. svjetskog rata isporučeno je 9.799 M-72 za potrebe Crvene armije. M-72 je vjerno služio armiji, bio je robustan i pokazao se kao pun pogodan u mobilnosti velikom broju vojnika.


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